VIII. I find two highest differences in things that exist, viz.:—Rule, and Service; not such as among us either tyranny has cut or poverty has severed, but which nature has distinguished, if any like to use this word. For That which is First is also above nature. Of these the former is creative, and originating, and unchangeable; but the other is created, and subject and changing; or to speak yet more plainly, the one is above time, and the other subject to time. The Former is called God, and subsists in Three Greatest, namely, the Cause, the Creator, and the Perfecter; I mean the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, who are neither so separated from one another as to be divided in nature, nor so contracted as to be circumscribed by a single person; the one alternative being that of the Arian madness, the other that of the Sabellian heresy; but they are on the one hand more single than what is altogether divided, and on the other more abundant than what is altogether singular. The other division is with us, and is called Creation, though one may be exalted above another according to the proportion of their nearness to God.
Ηʹ. Δύο διαφορὰς ἐν τοῖς οὖσι γινώσκω τὰς ἀνωτάτω, δεσποτείαν τε καὶ δουλείαν: οὐχ ἃς παρ' ἡμῖν, ἢ τύραννις ἔτεμεν, ἢ πενία διέστησεν, ἀλλ' ἃς φύσις διώρισεν, εἴ τῳ φίλον οὕτω καλεῖν. Τὸ γὰρ πρῶτον, καὶ ὑπὲρ τὴν φύσιν. Τούτων δὲ, ἡ μὲν ποιητική τέ ἐστι, καὶ ἀρχικὴ, καὶ ἀκίνητος: ἡ δὲ πεποιημένη, καὶ ὑπὸ χεῖρα, καὶ μεταπίπτουσα. Καὶ ἔτι συντομώτερον εἰπεῖν, ἡ μὲν ὑπὲρ χρόνον, ἡ δὲ ὑπὸ χρόνον. Καλεῖται δὲ ἡ μὲν, Θεὸς, καὶ ἐν τρισὶ τοῖς μεγίστοις ἵσταται, αἰτίῳ, καὶ δημιουργῷ, καὶ τελειοποιῷ: τῷ Πατρὶ λέγω, καὶ τῷ Υἱῷ, καὶ τῷ ἁγίῳ Πνεύματι. Ἃ μήτε οὕτως ἀλλήλων ἀπήρτηται, ὡς φύσει τέμνεσθαι: μήτε οὕτως ἐστένωται, ὡς εἰς ἓν πρόσωπον περιγράφεσθαι: τὸ μὲν γὰρ τῆς Ἀρειανῆς μανίας, τὸ δὲ τῆς Σαβελλιανικῆς ἀθεΐας ἐστίν: ἀλλ' ἔστι, τῶν μὲν πάντη διαιρετῶν ἑνικωτέρα, τῶν δὲ τελείως μοναδικῶν ἀφθονωτέρα. Ἡ δὲ μεθ' ἡμῶν τέ ἐστι, καὶ καλεῖται κτίσις, κἂν ἄλλα ἄλλων ὑπεραίρῃ, κατὰ τὴν ἀναλογίαν τῆς πρὸς Θεὸν ἐγγύτητος.