A Treatise on the Merits and Forgiveness of Sins, and on the Baptism of Infants
by Aurelius Augustin, Bishop of Hippo;
In Three Books,
Addressed to Marcellinus, a.d. 412.
In which he refutes those who maintain, that Adam must have died even if he had never sinned; and that nothing of his sin has been transmitted to his posterity by natural descent. He also shows, that death has not accrued to man by any necessity of his nature, but as the penalty of sin; He then proceeds to prove that in Adam’s sin his entire offspring is implicated, showing that infants are baptized for the express purpose of receiving the remission of original sin.
S. AURELII AUGUSTINI HIPPONENSIS EPISCOPI, DE PECCATORUM MERITIS ET REMISSIONE, ET DE BAPTISMO PARVULORUM, Ad Marcellinum libri tres .
Refellit eos qui dicunt, Adam, etiamsi non peccasset, fuisse moriturum; nec ex ejus peccato quidquam ad ejus posteros propagatione transiisse. Mortem hominis probat consecutam non necessitate naturae, sed merito peccati: tum etiam peccato Adae totam ejus stirpem obligatam esse docet, ostendens parvulos ob id baptizari, ut originalis peccati remissionem accipiant.